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      成吉思汗和他的蒙古軍隊是如何征服世界的

      時間:2015-12-15 14:23來源:未知 作者:admin 點擊:
      在公元1000年到公元1500年這五百年的時間里,世界上出現了兩個“世界征服者”,他們分別是蒙古人和突厥人。這兩個民族都是中國西北部的少數民族,他們在征服世界的歷程中處處留下了殘忍,殺戮,鮮血。

      突厥和蒙古族的世界征服歷史可以劃分為三個階段,第一個階段是公元1000年到公元1200年,這段時間以突厥民族的擴張為主,他們先后征服敗拜占廷和印度斯坦。第二個階段公元1200年到公元1300年是蒙古人征服世界的高峰期,成吉思汗帶領他的蒙古族先后征服了歐亞大陸百分之80以上的領土。第三個階段是蒙古帝國的瓦解期,時間大概是1300年到1500年。

      成吉思汗原名鐵木真,成吉思汗的意思是指“世界的統治者”。他曾經有句名言是這樣說的“人活著最大的幸福是勝利,我們要征服敵人,奪取他們的財產,騎上他們的馬匹,擁抱他們的妻女,奴役他們的子民”。事實證明成吉思汗說的不是空話,以上所有的愿望他都實現了。很多人對蒙古的崛起感到意外,一個僅有100萬人口的少數民族竟然能征服上億的民眾。以如此有限的資源和兵力成吉思汗到底是如何征服世界,成為世界統治者的呢?

      蒙古族的生活習性是游牧,他們的日常生活比農耕國家的軍事訓練強度還要打,據說蒙古武士可以在馬上連續行軍幾天幾夜。蒙古族不光體力好,他們還非常善于改進作戰武器,比如弓箭,火藥,石弩、攻城槌和坑道工兵等等。蒙古軍隊之所以能改進武器和他們的作戰指導思想密不可分,雖然蒙古人嗜殺成性,但是他們從來不殺工匠手藝人,每次攻陷一個城池都會優先把工匠技工保護好。

      除了以上優勢蒙古人還是非常善于打心理戰,成吉思汗非常明白蒙古軍隊的弱點在那。蒙古軍隊全算上也就是十幾萬人,如果一個個城池硬打就算最終打勝利了自己也基本死光了。基于這種情況,成吉思汗制定了殘忍的屠城方略,只要是遇到抵抗無論抵抗程度怎么樣破城以后全部屠殺城內軍民。成吉思汗在西征途中剛開始屠殺了幾個城池,到后來很多城池守軍基本都不怎么抵抗了。

      成吉思汗和他的蒙古鐵騎先后征服了亞洲,中東,歐洲,俄羅斯大片土地。可是在勇猛的統治者也無法征服死亡,當他成為世界統治者的時候,他的壽命也逐漸走動了盡頭。公元1227年成吉思汗打敗了一生中最后一個敵人西夏后病死,他的子孫們遵照他的遺愿把他葬在了家鄉。關于成吉思汗具體葬在了哪里至今還是一個謎,蒙古人的習俗是秘葬,凡是護送尸體到現場的人全被殺害。
      更多精彩請看下頁:上一篇:歷史上和皇帝關系最近的女人 下一篇:楊貴妃和梅妃江采蘋的宮廷爭斗
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